James I, King of Scotland

(1394-1437)
   The son and heir of King Robert III (reigned 1390-1406) was born in Dunfermline and educated at St. Andrews University. Fearing for his son's safety from rebel lords, the king sent James to France in 1404-5, but on the way, the ship was intercepted by an English ship. James spent eighteen comfortable years in strict custody by courtesy of Henry IV. James married Lady Jane Beaufort, the daughter of the Earl of Somerset, in 1424 and was restored to his kingdom. He immediately had many of the rebel lords executed and confiscated their property and improved the administration of justice for common people. On the night of 20 February 1437, in Perth, a group of conspirators assassinated him; his widow had the conspirators captured and executed. He was buried at the Convent of the Carthusians in the Holy Land. While in prison he wrote the vernacular poem The Kingis Quair (The King's Book), inspired by Jane; it was published in 1783. Some of his poems: "Christis Kirk on the Green," "Peblis to the Play," "Spring Song of the Birds," "The Ballad of the Good Counsel."
   Sources: An Anthology of Catholic Poets. Shane Leslie, ed. Macmillan, 1952. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. Encyclopedia of Britain. Bamber Gascoigne. London: Macmillan, 1994. The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). Poemhunter (www.poemhunter.com). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. The Scottish Collection of Verse to 1800. Eileen Dunlop and Kamm Antony, eds. Richard Drew, 1985.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • James III, King of Scotland — (1451–1488)    Early in the reign of James III, Scottish policy toward England revolved around exploitation of the political turmoil caused by the WARS OF THE ROSES to recover the border town of BERWICK. Later in the reign, James weakened his… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • James V, King Of Scotland — (1512 1542)    Born at the Linlithgow Palace, West Lothian, he succeeded his father, who was killed at the Battle of Flodden (near Berwick on Tweed) in 1513. Scotland then became caught in the grip of a power struggle between the pro French… …   British and Irish poets

  • James IV, King of Scotland — (1473–1513)    By supporting Yorkist attempts to overthrow HENRY VII and the house of TUDOR, James IV contributed to the continuation of English dynastic strife in the 1490s.    James became king in June 1488, when his father, JAMES III, was… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • James II, King of Scotland — (1430–1460)    As king of SCOTLAND during the early stages of political and dynastic conflict in fifteenthcentury England, James II tried to take advantage of those internal dissensions to achieve territorial gains for Scotland at England’s… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • James I., King of Scotland — (1394 1437)    Poet, the third s. of Robert III., was b. at Dunfermline. In 1406 he was sent for safety and education to France, but on the voyage was taken prisoner by an English ship, and conveyed to England, where until 1824 he remained… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • James I, King Of England (VI Of Scotland) — (1566 1625)    Born at Edinburgh Castle, the son of Mary Queen of Scots and Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley, he succeeded Elizabeth in 1603 as King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland (Henry VII was their common ancestor). His insistence on the… …   British and Irish poets

  • The Last King of Scotland — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Der letzte König von Schottland – In den Fängen der Macht Originaltitel: The Last King of Scotland Produktionsland: USA, GB Erscheinungsjahr: 2006 Länge: 121 Minuten Originalsprache …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • The Last King of Scotland — For the last ruling kings of Scotland, see William III of England and James I of England. For the 2006 film adaptation of the novel, see The Last King of Scotland (film). The Last King of Scotland   …   Wikipedia

  • The Last King Of Scotland — Le Dernier Roi d Écosse Le Dernier Roi d Écosse (The Last King of Scotland) est un film anglais de Kevin Macdonald, sorti en 2006. Le film est tiré du roman éponyme de Giles Foden, inspiré de faits réels. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Origine du titre 3… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Macbeth, King of Scotland — This article is about the Scottish king. For other uses, see Macbeth (disambiguation). Macbeth Imagined 19th century portrait of Macbeth King of Alba Reign 1040–1057 Predecessor …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.